Roof Installation Elgin
Everyone knows what a roof is; it is the part of a structure that covers the area within and to a degree outside. Often people build structures that are basically a roof, like a Gazebo for example. When properly installed a roof lasts for years and protects from the sun, rain, and snow. When not properly installed water enters the home, and it can even cause the collapse of the structure. Sunshine Siding and Windows has been helping people in the Elgin area for 44 years and has the experience and know-how to help you!
Importance of Roof Installation
The most significant part of a good roof starts with correct roofing installation. That means removing any old roofing material, repairing and sealing the base structure, and then installing the new roof. There are several materials and styles of roofing out there, each with their benefits and drawbacks. Each of the materials is made stronger with proper installation as problems with roofs often start when the job is not done right. Improper installation weakens the roof more than damage from falling debris or time. Improper installation of your roof allows water and the elements to get under the roofing material where it is most vulnerable and damage the roof or structure underneath.
Types of Roofs
The materials that are used to make roofs are not the only thing that has advanced since the first homes. The shapes of the roofs and functions have also changed. While most are a result of the structural changes to the home, some are created as aesthetics all on their own, and some are designed to serve special functions as well.
- Gable & Valley Roof: This is a typical roof that people will see around suburban areas. This roof goes up to a ridge over the interior of the structure. This covers different sections of the home and meet up with other ridges, but have a line called valleys where they meet when at an angle to each other. These roofs are characterized by an inverted V shape at the ends. Interestingly, you can mix and match roof styles when building a gable and valley roof such as a gambrel and gable or gable and hop.
- Hip Roof: These are also common, unlike Gable roofs Hip Roofs slip upwards from all edges of the home, coming to a central ridge. This style can be fitted to homes that have any layout, and when the structure includes a cross footprint, the ridges meet at an inward slope.
- Bonnet Roof: A bonnet roof has an additional section that covers the area around the edge of the roof with an overhang, often supported with pillars to provide people with protection while outside. This can be added to any of the other designs such as hip, gambrel or gable, but once the addition is made becomes a Bonnet Roof.
- Pyramid Hip Roof: This roof follows the same structural format of a Hip roof, except that instead of coming to a ridge, the flat sides of the roof come to a single point, often located in the middle of the structure.
- Saltbox Roof: This Roof is characterized as an inverted V over the structure, but has one side that he longer than the other. Giving this style of roof an offset look.
- Flat Roof: As simple as the name, a flat roof has no peaks on it. Often used on warehouses, factories, and large structures. A Flat roof has the added benefit of the roof being used as an outdoor area. This is the most common roof seen in the major cities. It is also a style of roof seen on many modern and mid-century homes.
- Gambrel Roof: This is often called the “Barn roof.” This is due to the extensive use of Gambrel roofs on barns. This roof has 4 sections, two small shallow angled sections at the top, with two steeper sections adjacent to them.
Just like the variations in roofs, the material used to create them is also as diverse. Dirt, sticks, logs, and other materials were the original roofing materials, but we have come a long way since then. With modern capabilities and more durable materials, your roof can look great and function for years with little to no maintenance.
- Asphalt Roll: Easy to install and inexpensive, Asphalt roll is good for outdoor structures like sheds. With a lifespan of 5-10 years, it does not make a good material for homes.
- Composite Shingles: The most common type of roofing material. Composite shingles vary widely in quality meaning that they will last anywhere from 15-30 years on average. There are some higher quality composite shingles that are certified for 50 years, but that does not mean that will be how long they last. Composite shingles are the most common and are inexpensive to purchase and install.
- Wood Shingles: Wood shingles are prone to weathering and decay, but come with a lifespan of around 25 years. To increase the lifespan broken shingles should be replaced quickly, and moss should be kept under control.
- Metal Roof: Becoming more popular are metal roofs. Typically used on free-standing structures, Standing Seam Metal Roofs are stronger and more durable. On average standing seam metal, roofs have a lifespan of 30-50 years.
- Wood Shake Shingle Roof: Similar to Wood Shingle roofs, wood shake shingles are thicker. This makes them more durable and able to resist UV light and weather better. Increasing the lifespan of wood roofs to 35-40 years. Wood shake shingle roofs can last for 50 or more years with proper maintenance. Replacing broken or warped shingles, removing debris, and making sure to keep Moss under control.
- Clay/Concrete Tile Roof: This is often seen in warmer climates. Durable and weather resistant. Clay can last 100 years or more. What can reduce the lifespan of a clay/concrete roof is how quickly the tiles break. Broken and cracked tiles should be replaced quickly. A common belief is that tile roofs are only usable in a warm climate, but if the proper tiles are selected this style can be used in colder climates as well.
- Slate Roof: With the longest lifespan of over 100 years, Slates are the most durable of all the roofing material. Slate roofs from 1500-1600 are still intact today. The drawback of Slate roofs is that they are heavy, requiring special trussing or reinforcement of the structure to be utilized.
- Tar and Stone: This style is typically used on flat roofs. This involves laying sheets down and covering them with tar to seal and keep water out. Then stones are spread on top to provide a strong protective layer from debris and hail.
No matter what style of roof or material you decide to go with, having it done right is key. Improper does not mean that your roof will leak. It could also mean that you have improper ventilation leading to excess heat or moisture inside your home or business. So make sure you give Sunshine Siding and Windows in Elgin a call and have them make sure that your roof is properly installed.